Decision processes

Please find the decision processes for determining the orphan work status of written works, audiovisual works and phonograms below. Click on ‘PDF’ to download a decision process. On the right column you can access the lists of sources you may have to consult to carry out a diligent search in each state.

Written works
AV Works
Source list


Czech Republic




the Netherlands

The above downloadable decision processes, intended to determine whether a certain work or other subject matter vested with copyright or neighbouring rights is an orphan work in light of the EU Orphan Works Directive (Directive 2012/28/EU) are part of the Heritage Plus project EnDOW (Enhancing access to 20th Century cultural heritage through Distributed Orphan Works clearance).

They are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License.

You are free to:

  • share – to copy, distribute and transmit this work
  • remix – to adapt this work

To use the work please attribute the work like this:
;Orphan Works Decision process; created by EnDOW ( licensed under a CC BY 4.0 license (